Studies have show that up to 70% of vehicles on the road today have one or more underinflated tire. Underinflated tires can increase your fuel consumption by 4 to 8%.
WHEEL ALIGNMENT & BALANCE
Wheels not properly aligned “Drag” along the road instead of rolling smoothly.This can cause accelerated tire wear and an increase in fuel consumption of up to 25%
AIR / FUEL INDUCTION SYSTEM
A dirty air filter can increase fuel consumption by 2% or more and decrease the air flow available to your engine causing an increase in environmentally harmful emissions. Using quality fuels with cleaning additives also helps, but does not replace a thorough, professional cleaning of the complete air induction and fuel injection systems.
17% of vehicles on the road today have loose, damaged or missing gas caps. This causes 556 million litres of fuel to vaporize into the atmosphere annually in North America. Fuel evaporation is a major cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Topping off your gas tank can also cause unwanted emissions; never fill the tank past where the gas pump automatically shuts off.
TUNE-UP / ENGINE MANAGEMENT
Have your vehicles ignition and emission systems checked regularly for faults and always follow the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended replacement intervals for all of these system components. A properly tuned vehicle can increase fuel economy 6 to 13%.
FUEL AND OIL LEAKS
Don’t ignore a fuel or oil leak. Fossil fuel evaporation is a major cause of ozone depleting VOC’s and Hydrocarbons.
DON’T IGNORE A WARNING LIGHT
Today’s vehicles have very sophisticated engine management systems capable of making thousands of corrections per second to keep all engine management systems operating in their optimum range.They can also compensate in some cases for a failure in one part of the system; this usually triggers a warning light to the driver even though the vehicle seems to be operating normally.Your vehicle’s on-board computer is telling you there is a problem, and is trying to compensate for it! Have your vehicle inspected as soon as possible in order to identify the fault and correct it.
Today’s engines run at much higher temperatures than before. Ignoring maintenance of your vehicles cooling system can allow the engine to run too hot, causing the right environment for NOX emissions. Potentially severe engine damage can also occur from a cooling system failure with little warning, leaving you stranded.
CHANGE YOUR OIL REGULARLY!
Engine oil traps and holds acids, sludge and other harmful by-products created by your engine in addition to lubricating and cooling all of its moving parts. Follow your vehicle’s oil change interval; it is its life blood!
REPLACE YOUR PCV VALVE
Often neglected, it should be changed every time you change your air filter. This is the first emission control device ever used in a vehicle. It recirculates the unburnt vapors (Blowby) in your engine and reduces Hydrocarbon and VOC emissions. Prior to Positive Crankcase Ventilation, 20% of pollutants came from this source.
CARBON MONOXIDE (CO)
The result of a rich air/fuel mixture being delivered to your engine due to an insufficient supply of oxygen. Caused by: Clogged air filters, leaking fuel injectors, defective air intake system, etc. Environmental effects: Deadly to humans as it displaces oxygen in your bloodstream. Concentrations of 20PPM are not uncommon in heavy traffic. Concentrations of (0.5%) CO can kill within 15 minutes.
CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2 )
A by-product of the combustion process that is a harmless to humans but, along with Sulfur Dioxide is a major climate change gas capable of trapping the earth’s heat, adding to global warming and acid rain.
HYDROCARBONS (HC) & VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCS)
Compounds formed through the incomplete burning of the fuel in your engine, and by the evaporation of fossil fuels. These form ground level ozone, a major contributor to smog. Also irritates your eyes, damages the lungs and can aggravate existing respiratory problems. Also have the potential to cause cancer.
OXIDES OF NITROGEN (NOX)
Compounds created when combustion chamber temperatures in your engine are too high. Like VOC’s, these are precursors to the formation of smog and also contribute to the formation of acid rain.
Today’s vehicles emit only about 5% of the HC, CO, and NOx that vehicles produced in the 1960’s. They can only continue to be low emission vehicles if the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended maintenance schedule is followed and all emission control devices are replaced when required and remain functional.